Among the persons
transported to the American colonies in 1716 were 637 Scottish rebels
captured at Preston, Lancashire, on 14 Nov 1715. The rebels were supporters
of the exiled James II of England and his heirs. There were many such
adherents among the Roman Catholics of Scotland, and some in Ireland, and
among the Nonjurors, a dissident group within the Church of England.
During the rebellion of
1715 the rebel forces entered Preston on 9 Nov and, after proclaiming as
their king the chevalier of St. George, remained there for several days,
during which the government forces advanced upon them. The town was
assaulted, and on 14 Nov the rebel general Thomas FORSTER surrendered his
army to the King's forces. Persons shown below, as compiled from ten ship
manifests, were taken prisoner and sent to the American Colonies the
following spring as indentured servants for a seven-year period. Those who
refused to be voluntarily indentured were forced into that condition upon
arrival in the colonies.
According to a receipt
given to the commissary general of the rebel prisoners, 639 prisoners were
transported, but, for reasons unknown, only 636 were named in the manifest
four of them Duncans. It should be noted that not all prisoners reached the
destinations originally designated.