then, however, he had become much more English than Scottish, which did not
commend him to the Celtic chieftains. He was killed some time in 1094 by the
mormaer (high steward) of Mearns, one of
most unruly provinces at the Battle of Monthechin, near Kincardine. The
oldest surviving Scottish royal charter dates
from his brief reign.
A. Duncan of Sketraw, KCN, FSA Scot.