The oldest surviving
Scottish royal charter
echoes certain forms found in Anglo-Saxon diplomas and contemporary Norman
charters, using `Ego' at the beginning, with a moderately elaborate royal
style, and concluding with an anathema (`Qui autem istud uoluerit
destruere. uel ministris sancti cuthberti aliquid
inde auferre; maledictionem dei. et sancti Cuthberti.
& meam; habeat. amen.' It records that the king has given `in
elemosina' lands in Lothian with all the service that Bishop Fothad (of St
Andrews) had from them, `in tali quie tan tia cum saca & soca.
qualem unquam meliorem habuit sanctus
Cuthbertus. ab illis de quibus tenet suas elemosinas',
this for (the spiritual benefit of) himself, the soul of his father, his
brothers, wife and infants, making the common distinction between the living
and his dead father with his soul mentioned. Wishing the gift to be stable
he has made his brothers confirm. Twelve crosses, each with an associated
name, were written below the text,
there is a blank space of some 100 mm. to the foot of the document.